Archive | October, 2013

NA Portland Networking Event October 8

Posted on 02 October 2013 by Jason

Natural Awakenings magazine is hosting another networking event on Tuesday evening, October 8 from 6 to 8 p.m. This event is a fantastic way, in a relaxed atmosphere, to meet and mingle with other like minded people who care about health, wellness and green living. These mixer events, held quarterly, are free and everyone is welcome, so join in for some networking fun. Light snacks and beverages are provided.
Locations rotate throughout the greater Portland/Vancouver area. October’s event will be held at Ahara Rasa Ayurveda (ARA), Portland’s first and only Ayurvedic supply shop and full scale Ayurvedic wellness center.
ARA is located at 5505 SR Woodstock Blvd.,, Portland 97206.

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“Braco” Brings His Silent Gaze to Portland

Posted on 02 October 2013 by Jason

The gentle man from Croatia known as “Braco” (pronounced Braht-zo) will offer his silent gaze at a live event in Portland on October 19-20.
Eight years ago, Braco began sharing the special gift through his gaze. Before that, he met with individuals one-on-one. The gift that comes through Braco’s gaze can awaken and realign natural states of balance and harmony within individuals.
Braco’s gaze has inspired peace, harmony and human transformation. Many who attend the gazing sessions report marked improvements in their lives, relationships and health. Scientists from various countries have confirmed the positive effects people have experienced during these events. Hundreds of testimonials are shown in 90-plus films about Braco, establishing a solid foundation of the effects of this work and demonstrating the vast range in which his gift can improve lives.
As a recent guest at Tillman Chapel, in the Church Center for the United Nations, Braco was awarded an honorary “Peace Pole” symbol in special recognition of his 17-year commitment to helping people in countries throughout the world. His work is dedicated to enhancing personal transformation for all people equally. He does not align himself with any one faith, philosophy or belief system.
The gazing event will take place at the Sheraton Airport Hotel with sessions from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Ticket cost is $8 per session.

For more information about Braco and updates on gazing schedules, visit LocaIContact-EstherWright :503-289-6207. For Spanish,

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Help for Back Pain

Posted on 02 October 2013 by Jason

Studies have shown that back pain is the third most popular reason people seek medical attention. On the other hand, creating measurable results for people with this ailment ranks on the bottom. Now there is a Qigong workshop tailored specifically for back pain sufferers.
Simone Shipp, a certified Zhineng Qigong instructor, Master of Medical Qigong and Qi Dao practitioner, will be conducting a two-day workshop to give participants the knowledge they need to alleviate physical back pain. Participants will go home with a simple, easy-to-learn, non-toxic, non-invasive method.
This specific form of Qigong, created by Master Dr. Ming Pang, is the result of the accumulated masterworks of 18 Qigong grandmasters, both female and male. Medical knowledge—both ancient and modern—has also been infused into this form of Qigong. Those specifically experiencing back pain, that have tried other methods, may find this tailored workshop is exactly what they need to heal themselves; and it can be practiced by all age groups and people at all health levels.
Most participants experience immediate results in the form of temporary to short-term pain relief. With disciplined practice of the methods learned, even chronic pain can be resolved if a person is willing to give it the energetic attention it needs to heal for good.

The $195 two-day intensive workshop is Saturday, October 5 from 3:30 to 6:30 p.m. and Sunday, October 6 from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. Space is limited to 15 participants. Meals are not included so bring a bag lunch and snacks. Location: Studio Blu, 512 NW 17th Avenue, Portland.

For more details and registration, visit or email Simone Shipp at

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Holistic Psychotherapist Has New Office Location

Posted on 02 October 2013 by Jason

Katje Wagner, PhD, LPC is a holistic psychotherapist and creative consultant, practicing in the areas of counseling and women’s holistic health for over 15 years. She works with individuals, couples and groups to discover the unique potentials hidden within the problems we face and to cultivate lives that are deeply fulfilling. Clients come with a broad range of issues related to holistic health, personal and professional development—including body symptoms, addictions, moods, feelings of depression and anxiety, relationship challenges, sexuality, work place issues, crisis, sense of purpose, career and life direction.
She has extensive experience working with women who want to heal complex physical health issues such as adrenal fatigue, chronic pain and auto-immune disorders, among others. She helps to unpack the healing potential within the symptoms her clients face. This process provides a grounded and embodied sense of power and guidance for their entire life.
In September, Wagner moved her practice to a beautiful office space at 1942 NW Kearney, in Northwest Portland.
Call 503-313-5733 for a free phone consultation. For more information, visit

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Celestial Living Arts Monthly Forecast October 2013 © Liz Howell

Posted on 02 October 2013 by Jason

The theme of deja vous all over again shows up with new twists to the escalating and intensifying points of contention that define the dynamic struggles of the 2012-2015 astrology. October challenges us as the Sun moves from a delicate dance in diplomatic Libra to a high stakes position in deadly Scorpio. The new moon of October 4 invites us to move in unexplored directions to recapture a sense of balance. We close the month with some very important decisions to make that carry significant and far-reaching ramifications to our future.

Mantras and musings for the month of October:
Aries (Mar 21-Apr 19): Like all explorers, we are drawn to discover what’s out there without knowing yet if we have the courage to face it. ~ Pema Chödrön
Taurus (Apr 20-May 20): A feeling of aversion or attachment toward something is your clue that there’s work to be done. ~ Ram Dass
Gemini (May 21-Jun 20): Realize that everything connects to everything else. ~ Leonardo DaVinci
Cancer (Jun 21-Jul 22): Caring for others is the basis of worldly success. ~ Sakyong Mipham
Leo (Jul 23-Aug 22): We are here to awaken from the illusion of our separateness. ~ Thich Nhat Hanh
Virgo (Aug 23-Sep 22): Quiet the mind, and the soul will speak. ~ Ma Jaya Sati Bhagavati
Libra (Sep 23-Oct 22): How people treat you is their karma; how you react is yours. ~ Wayne W. Dyer
Scorpio (Oct 23-Nov 21): Sometimes letting things go is an act of far greater power than defending or hanging on. ~ Eckhart Tolle
Sagittarius (Nov 22-Dec 21): Everybody comes from the same source. If you hate another human being, you’re hating part of yourself. ~ Elvis Presley
Capricorn (Dec 22-Jan 19): Every ‘no’ is a ‘yes’ to something. ~ Eric Micha’el Leventhal
Aquarius (Jan 20-Feb 18): Always learn the rules so you can break them properly. ~ Dalai Lama
Pisces (Feb 19-Mar 20): Karma is not just about the troubles, but also about surmounting them. ~ Rick Springfield

Liz Howell is available for personal astrological consultations and can be reached at

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The Power of One Julia Butterfly Hill Asks, ‘What’s Your Tree?’ by Judith Fertig

Posted on 02 October 2013 by Jason

For 738 days, Julia Butterfly Hill lived in the canopy of an ancient redwood tree called Luna, to increase awareness of threats to our ancient forests. Her courageous act of civil disobedience gained international attention for California’s redwoods, together with related ecological and social justice issues. When she claimed victory for Luna on December 18, 1999, she was recognized worldwide as both a heroine and powerful voice for the environment.

Today, Butterfly Hill’s commitment to such causes continues to inspire people worldwide. She has helped found and launch a host of nonprofit organizations and currently serves as ambassador for the Pollination Project, which awards $1,000 a day to individuals making a positive difference. The impassioned activist is the inspiration for the What’s Your Tree initiative and also leads workshops at eco-villages such as Findhorn, in Scotland, and Damanhur, in Italy. She lives in Belize, where she describes her life as, “Before tree, during tree and after tree.”

What prompted your life shift from being the daughter of a traveling preacher to an environmental activist?

Before Tree, when I was 22, I was rear-ended by a drunk driver and spent 10 months recovering. As I got better physically, I realized that my whole life had been out of balance. I had been working nonstop since graduating from high school—obsessed by my career, worldly success and material things. This pivotal experience woke me to the importance of the moment and doing whatever I can to make a positive impact on the future.

How did you come to climb up a 1,000-plus year old redwood tree and stay there for two years?

After I recovered from the accident, I went on a road trip to California. There, I volunteered at a reggae festival. That year the event was dedicated to the protection of ancient forests. I listened and learned from the speakers and activists passionate about educating people on the destructive logging practices of the Maxxam controlled Pacific Lumber Company.

Returning to my place in Arkansas, I sold everything I owned and returned to California to see how I could help. Earth First! was doing tree-sits to calling attention to the urgent need to protect ancient trees and they needed someone to stay in a redwood tree so the loggers couldn’t cut it down; because nobody else volunteered, they had to pick me.

On December 10, 1997, I put on the harness and ascended Luna, 180 feet up. What I thought would be three or four weeks in the tree turned into two years and eight days. I returned to the ground only after the company agreed to protect Luna and the surrounding grove.

What are some of the legacies of your incredible feat?

The Luna experience brought international attention to the plight of the last dwindling stands of ancient redwoods. After Tree, I was asked to speak about the issue all over the world. My bestselling book, The Legacy of Luna, has been translated into 11 languages. A follow-up environmental handbook is titled One Makes the Difference. It all inspires concerned citizens to take action in their own communities.

Now, as a yoga enthusiast, vegan, peacemaker and anti-disposable activist how do you stay true to yourself and model the changes you champion?

I am committed to living with as much integrity, joy, and love as I can. If we want to see something in the world, then we have to live it. Like I learn in yoga, I aim to stretch into my life and breathe and see what opens up, trusting that clarity and growth will emerge in the process.

On a personal ecology level, I love swimming in the sea, and the main sound is that of the waves rolling over the reef. I love being at home, mixing fresh masa to make tamales and listening to the birds singing as they sway from the palm branches and bougainvillea. These are the moments that make my soul sing.

How has believing in one person’s power to change the world led you to ask, “What’s Your Tree?”

Service is core to my being. It gives purpose and joy to my life. The What’s Your Tree project helps people connect with a place of deep purpose that helps guide their lives, choices and actions.

Learn more at and

Judith Fertig blogs at from Overland Park, KS.

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Shop with the Planet in Mind Daily Choices Help Counter Climate Change by Christine MacDonald

Posted on 02 October 2013 by Jason

Until recently, we’ve been asked to choose between the economy and the environment. Now we’re realizing that the two are closely linked, and that our continued prosperity depends on how well we take care of the natural systems that sustain life—clean air, water, food and an overall healthy environment.

Although the worst impacts of climate change are still decades away, experts say it’s already a costly problem. In 2012, U.S. taxpayers spent nearly $100 billion—approximately $1,100 apiece—to cover crop losses, flooding, wildfires and other climate-related disasters, according to the Natural Resources Defense Council. That’s more than America spent last year on education or transportation.

Given the lack of action on climate change by Congress, more Americans are looking to leverage their purchasing power to make a difference. Yet, as consumers trying to “shop their values” know, it’s often difficult distinguish the “green” from the “greenwashed”. Natural Awakenings has rounded up some tips that can help.

Dismiss Meaningless Labels

Urvashi Rangan, Ph.D., who leads the Consumer Safety and Sustainability Group for Consumer Reports and its Greener Choices and Eco-labels online initiatives, says companies take far too many liberties in product labeling. The dearth of standards and consistency across the marketplace has rendered terms like “fresh,” and “free range” meaningless. Also, there’s more wrong than right about the “natural” label put on everything from soymilk to frozen dinners, she says.

While critics of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s USDA Organic label say its regulations are not tough enough, Rangan says at least we know what we’re getting. The same is not true of many claims decorating consumer goods, Rangan advises. Plus, producers get away without identifying myriad other controversial practices, she says, including genetically engineered ingredients.

To help consumers protect themselves, the Consumer Union and other nonprofit public advocates have made their evaluations easily accessible via cell phones and iPads. The Web-based Good Guide’s evaluations of more than 145,000 food, toys, personal care and household products are at shoppers’ fingertips via an app that scans product barcodes on the spot.

Calculate Impacts

A number of easy-to-use online tools help us understand the far-flung impacts of a purchase, including on humans and habitats. The Good Guide, for instance, employs chemists, toxicologists, nutritionists, sociologists and environmental lifecycle specialists to evaluate a product’s repercussions on health, environment and society.

Sandra Postel, who leads the Global Water Policy Project, has teamed up with the National Geographic Society to devise a personal water footprint calculator. It helps people understand the wider environmental impacts of their lifestyle and purchasing choices, and provides options for reducing their footprints and supporting water replenishment efforts.

“It takes a per capita average of 2,000 gallons of water each day to keep our U.S. lifestyle afloat,” twice the world average, calculates Postel. The typical hamburger takes 630 gallons of water to produce, for example, while a pair of jeans consumes 2,600 gallons, most of it to grow the necessary cotton.

Water is just one of numerous resources overused in the United States, according to author and journalist Danielle Nierenberg, co-founder of Food Tank. “We overbuy food. It goes bad and ends up in landfills,” where it lets off methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, as it decomposes.

“We also over-order at restaurants,” observes Nierenberg, whose think tank focuses on the interrelated issues of hunger, obesity and environmental degradation. Overall, the U.S. annually accounts for 34 million tons of food waste. “Part of the problem is we’ve lost home culinary skills,” says Nierenberg, who says we need to rethink how and how much we eat. “We don’t really understand what portions are,” she adds.

Share Instead of Buy

Collaboration characterizes the broader trend in careful consuming that relies on cell phone apps. Sometimes known as the “sharing economy” or “collaborative consumption”, initiatives can range from car shares and bike shares to neighborly lending of lawn mowers and other tools and sharing homegrown produce. One of the more innovative food sharing options is Halfsies, in which diners at participating restaurants pay full price for a meal, but receive half of a full portion, effectively donating the cost of the other half to fight hunger.

Whatever the product, experts say, the new sharing business model is part of a fundamental shift in how people think about consuming, with the potential to help us reduce our personal carbon footprint and contribute to a more sustainable future.

Christine MacDonald is a freelance journalist in Washington, D.C., who specializes in health, science and environmental issues. Learn more at

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Trekking as Pilgrimage A Literal Path to Personal Growth by Sarah Todd

Posted on 02 October 2013 by Jason

For more than a millennium, seekers have made spiritual pilgrimages on the Way of St. James, beginning at their chosen point in Europe, wending westward and ending in the Spanish city of Santiago de Compostela. Today, as portrayed in the 2010 movie, The Way, the core route continues to attract both secular and devout trekkers. It’s fair to say that every pilgrim derives something from the journey, although it’s not always what they expect.

Alyssa Machle, a landscape architect in San Francisco, imagined that walking The Way would be a quietly contemplative and solitary experience. Instead, she spent weeks bonding with fellow trekkers: an Ohio schoolteacher trying to decide whether to become a Catholic nun, a German woman in her 30s unsettled by falling in love with her life partner’s best friend, a war veteran in his 70s.

“Inevitably, each person had some internal battle that he or she hoped to resolve,” Machle found. “My own ideological shift was about setting aside preconceived ideas about how I would experience the path, and focusing my energy on the community that I suddenly was part of.”

The diverse goals of the people Machle met on The Way speaks to the power of adventurous treks. From the Bible story of Moses and the Israelites crossing the desert for 40 years to young Fellowship of the Ring members hiking across Middle Earth, we like the idea of walking long distances as a way to get in touch with ourselves—and often with something larger. In America, there are as many trails to hike as there are reasons to do it.

For Cheryl Strayed, author of the 2012 bestselling memoir, Wild, hiking the Pacific Crest Trail at age 26 allowed her innate courage to blossom. A rank novice, she took to the trails solo, grieving the early death of her mother, and discovered a new kind of self-reliance. “Every time I heard a sound of unknown origin or felt something horrible cohering in my imagination, I pushed it away,” Strayed relates. “I simply did not let myself become afraid. Fear begets fear. Power begets power. I willed myself to beget power. It wasn’t long before I actually wasn’t afraid.”

Other people on such journeys are inspired by their love for the environment, like Zen Buddhist priest and retired psychotherapist Shodo Spring, leader of this year’s Compassionate Earth Walk, a July through October protest of our nation’s dependence on fossil fuels. It has engaged a “moving community” of shared prayers, meditation and yoga along the path of the pending Keystone XL pipeline from Hardisty, Alberta, Canada, to Steele City, Nebraska.

Spring emphasizes that the walk is intended to connect participants to the land the people that live on it. “We’re going to small towns,” she says, “where many residents make their livelihoods from oil. There’s a deep division between such people and our group. But when we listen to each other, that division gets healed.”

Activist David Rogner says that long-distance walks don’t just raise awareness of political and social issues—they also give people hope. He spent 25 months walking across the United States in the first coast-to-coast roadside litter program, Pick Up America.

“As we walked and picked up trash, we inspired people to believe there could be change,” he says. His trek gave him hope for his own future, too. He now believes, “If you commit your life to the healing and restoration of community and yourself, you are going to be wholly provided for.”

Whatever the purpose, there are many scenic long-distance walking trails to choose from. The Pacific Crest Trail, from the U.S.-Mexico border in Southern California to the uppermost reaches of Washington State, offers stunning views of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade mountain ranges. The Appalachian Trail, which winds 2,200 miles between Georgia and Maine, provides 250 shelters and campsites. In Wisconsin, the 1,000-mile Ice Age Trail offers awe-inspiring views of glacial landscapes. Starting in North Carolina, the Mountains-to-Sea trail extends from the Great Smoky Mountains to the crystal-blue waters of the Outer Banks. In Missouri, the Ozark Trail sweeps through mountains, lush valleys and tumbling waterfalls. Plus, overseas trails await, as well.

Sarah Todd is a freelance writer in Brooklyn, NY. Connect at

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Easing Earth’s Rising Fever The Right Steps Now Can Avert the Worst of It by Christine MacDonald

Posted on 02 October 2013 by Jason

Renowned climate scientist Richard Somerville, Ph.D., uses simple language and sports analogies to help us understand climate change and the risks ahead.

A distinguished professor emeritus, researcher at California’s Scripps Institution of Oceanography and author of The Forgiving Air, he likens greenhouse gases to a scandal that’s rocked major league baseball in recent years. “Greenhouse gases are the steroids of the climate system,” he says. Although we can’t link them to any single weather event, we can see them in the statistics at the end of the season, Somerville says. With the bases loaded, “Look out, because Mother Nature bats last.”

To explain how we could confront the problem, he turns to another sport, skiing. If we were serious about avoiding a worst-case scenario, we would have opted for “the bunny slope” approach, a leisurely descent from the ubiquitous use of climate-changing fossil fuels. Unfortunately, greenhouse gases would have had to peak two years ago and now be in decline in order to take the easy way out. Instead, the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere shot past 400 parts per million last May, a level that most scientists agree the planet hasn’t experienced since long before the arrival of modern humans.

“Science tells you, you can put this much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, but no more,” without changing the planet’s climate too dramatically, Somerville says. “Mother Nature tells you, you cannot wait 50 or 100 years to solve this. You have to do it in five to 10 years. There’s been a general failure to connect the dots.” The bit of good news is that time has not yet completely run out. He and other pioneering thought leaders believe that we can still reverse the dangerous current course.

“These next few years are going to tell the tale about the next 10,000 years,” well-known global environmental activist Bill McKibben, author of Eaarth: Making a Life on a Tough New Planet. “We’re not going to stop global warming; it’s too late for that. But we can keep it from getting as bad as it could possibly get.”

On the Energy Front

McKibben’s grassroots group,, opposes the planned Keystone XL pipeline that, if built, is expected to transport Canadian tar sands oil across the United States to refineries along the Gulf of Mexico. Increasing fossil fuel infrastructure, he says, is impractical, and we’d be better off investing in clean and renewable energies such as wind, solar and geothermal.

It’s a theme sounded by Frances Beinecke, president of the New York City-based Natural Resources Defense Council and author of Clean Energy Common Sense. With the failure of the U.S. Congress to enact climate legislation, her group, encompassing 1.4 million online members and activists, is pressing the Obama administration to live up to its pledge to regulate the carbon dioxide emitted by power plants, the leading culprits for climate-changing gases, contributing 40 percent of the country’s carbon emissions. “It’s time to act, and we have to act now,” Beinecke says.

On the Water Front

Sandra Postel agrees. “Water, energy and food production: these things are tightly linked, and all are affected by climate change.” From Los Lunas, New Mexico, she leads the Global Water Policy Project, a group also focused on the climate conundrum, as well as National Geographic’s Change the Course national freshwater conservation and restoration campaign.

Competition for water is increasing in several parts of the country, she says, and will only get worse as dry conditions increase demands on groundwater. Endangered sources detailed in her extensive related writings include the Ogallala Aquifer, vital to agricultural operations across much of the Great Plains, and California’s Central Valley, the nation’s fruit and vegetable bowl. In the Colorado River Basin, which provides drinking water to some 30 million people, water demands already exceed the available supply—and that gap is expected to widen with changes in the region’s climate.

In other regions, the problem is too much water from storms, hurricanes and flooding, a trend that Postel and other experts say will also worsen as the world continues to warm and fuel weather extremes. Beyond the loss of lives and property damage, this “new normal” holds stark implications for communities.

“We’ve built our bridges, dams and other infrastructure based on 100-year records of what’s happened in the past,” advises Postel. “In a lot of ways, how we experience climate change is going to be through changes in the water cycle. If the past isn’t a good guide to the future anymore, we’ll have to change our water management.”

On the Ocean Front

The world’s oceans are being transformed by climate change in ways we are only beginning to understand. Since the Industrial Revolution, oceans have absorbed a significant portion of the carbon dioxide generated, experiencing a 30 percent rise in acidity; that’s expected to reach 100 to 150 percent above pre-industrial levels by the end of this century, according to the nonprofit National Academy of Science (NAS), in Washington, D.C.

“Thank goodness for the oceans, but they are paying a tremendous price,” says Oceanographer Dawn Wright, Ph.D. She’s chief scientist of Esri, in Redlands, California, that analyzes geographic system relationships, patterns and trends.

The higher acidity levels are “taking a toll on shellfish such as oysters, clams and sea urchins, as well as coral reefs, where much aquatic life is spawned,” Wright explains. Climate change may have other devastating impacts on the ocean food chain—and eventually us—that scientists are only beginning to discern. As just one of myriad impacts: Ocean acidification threatens the country’s $3.7 billion annual wild fish and shellfish industry and the $9.6 billion slice of the global tourism business that caters to scuba divers and snorkelers, according to a NAS study.

The Way Forward

We can be grateful for some hopeful developments in the call to act.

Wright, who has advised Obama’s National Ocean Council, is overseeing her company’s ocean initiative, which includes building an ocean basemap of unparalleled detail. While less than 10 percent of the world’s oceans’ underwater realms are mapped today, Esri is compiling authoritative bathymetric data to build a comprehensive map of the ocean floor. Public and private sector planners, researchers, businesses and nonprofits are already using this map and analysis tools to, among other things, conduct risk assessments and provide greater understanding of how onshore development impacts oceans’ natural systems.

Municipalities are also taking action. New York City plans to restore natural buffers to future hurricanes, while Philadelphia and other cities are restoring watersheds, replanting trees in riparian areas, adding rain gardens, laying permeable pavement and revamping roofs and parking lots to reduce stormwater runoff. Investing in such “green infrastructure” is less costly than expanding “grey infrastructure” such as underground sewer systems and water purification plants.

Increasingly, local authorities are relocating communities out of flood zones to allow rivers to reclaim wetlands, an effort which also creates new recreation and tourism spots. Floodplains buffer against extreme flooding and drought, plus filter stormwater runoff, removing farm and lawn fertilizers and other chemicals that otherwise enter waterways, creating deoxygenated “dead zones” where aquatic life can’t survive, as exemplified by parts of Lake Erie, Chesapeake Bay and the Gulf of Mexico.

“These solutions are unfolding here and there,” Postel notes, while also remarking that too many locales are rebuilding levees at their peril and allowing people to return to areas that flood repeatedly. “An amount of climate change is already locked in. We will have to adapt, as well as mitigate, simultaneously.”

Somerville, who helped write the 2007 assessment by the Nobel Prize-winning International Panel on Climate Change, labels it “baloney” when politicians say there’s not enough time or it’s too expensive to address the problem. “It’s very doable,” he maintains. “First, inform yourself. Second, tell politicians that you care about this. Then raise hell with those who don’t agree. We’ve got to get countering climate change high on the priority list.”

McKibben recommends that the country should get serious about putting a price on carbon emissions. Meanwhile, he’s encouraged about the people-powered regional successes in blocking fracking, a controversial method of extracting natural gas, and credits grassroots groups for holding the Keystone pipeline project at bay.

“We’re cutting it super-close” and need to change the trajectory of climate change, according to McKibben, who says, we can still have good lives powered by wind and solar but will have to learn to live more simply. “I don’t know where it will all end and won’t see it in my lifetime. But if we can stop the combustion of fossil fuels and stop the endless consumption, then there’s some chance for the next generation to figure out what the landing is going to be.”

Christine MacDonald is a freelance journalist in Washington, D.C., who specializes in health, science and environmental issues. Learn more at

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